explores the nature and spectacular rise of the dominant institution of our time. Footage
from pop culture, advertising, TV news, and corporate propaganda, illuminates the corporation's grip on our lives. Taking
its legal status as a "person" to its logical conclusion, the film puts the corporation on the psychiatrist's couch to ask
"What kind of person is it?" Provoking, witty, sweepingly informative, The Corporation includes forty interviews with corporate
insiders and critics - including Milton Friedman
, Noam Chomsky
, Naomi Klein
, and Michael Moore
- plus true confessions, case studies and strategies for change.
Winner of 24 INTERNATIONAL AWARDS, 10 of them AUDIENCE
CHOICE AWARDS including the AUDIENCE AWARD for DOCUMENTARY in WORLD CINEMA at the 2004 SUNDANCE FILM FESTIVAL. The long-awaited
DVD, available now in Australia and coming in March to North America, contains over 8 hour of additional footage.
film is based on the book The Corporation: The Pathological Pursuit of Profit and Power
by Joel Bakan
Stream video (3 hr 6 sec), click play to start
THE CORPORATION -
In THE CORPORATION, case studies, anecdotes and true confessions reveal behind-the-scenes tensions and influences in several
corporate and anti-corporate dramas. Each illuminates an aspect of the corporation's complex character.
Among the 40
interview subjects are CEOs and top-level executives from a range of industries: oil, pharmaceutical, computer, tire, manufacturing,
public relations, branding, advertising and undercover marketing; in addition, a Nobel-prize winning economist, the first
management guru, a corporate spy, and a range of academics, critics, historians and thinkers are interviewed.
A LEGAL "PERSON"
In the mid-1800s the corporation emerged as a legal "person." Imbued with a "personality"
of pure self-interest, the next 100 years saw the corporation's rise to dominance. The corporation created unprecedented wealth.
But at what cost? The remorseless rationale of "externalities"-as Milton Friedman explains: the unintended consequences of
a transaction between two parties on a third-is responsible for countless cases of illness, death, poverty, pollution, exploitation
THE PATHOLOGY OF COMMERCE:
To more precisely assess the "personality"
of the corporate "person," a checklist is employed, using actual diagnostic criteria of the World Health Organization and
the DSM-IV, the standard diagnostic tool of psychiatrists and psychologists. The operational principles of the corporation
give it a highly anti-social "personality": It is self-interested, inherently amoral, callous and deceitful; it breaches social
and legal standards to get its way; it does not suffer from guilt, yet it can mimic the human qualities of empathy, caring
and altruism. Four case studies, drawn from a universe of corporate activity, clearly demonstrate harm to workers, human health,
animals and the biosphere. Concluding this point-by-point analysis, a disturbing diagnosis is delivered: the institutional
embodiment of laissez-faire capitalism fully meets the diagnostic criteria of a "psychopath."
what is the ethical mindset of corporate players? Should the institution or the individuals within it be held responsible?
people who work for corporations may be good people, upstanding citizens in their communities - but none of that matters when
they enter the corporation's world. As Sam Gibara, Former CEO and Chairman of Goodyear Tire, explains, "If you really had
a free hand, if you really did what you wanted to do that suited your personal thoughts and your personal priorities, you'd
Ray Anderson, CEO of Interface, the world's largest commercial carpet manufacturer, had an environmental
epiphany and re-organized his $1.4 billion company on sustainable principles. His company may be a beacon of corporate hope,
but is it an exception to the rule?
A case in point: Sir Mark Moody-Stuart
recounts an exchange between himself (at the time Chairman of Royal Dutch Shell), his wife, and a motley crew of Earth First
activists who arrived on the doorstep of their country home. The protesters chanted and stretched a banner over their roof
that read, "MURDERERS." The response of the surprised couple was not to call the police, but to engage their uninvited guests
in a civil dialogue, share concerns about human rights and the environment and eventually serve them tea on their front lawn.
Yet, as the Moody-Stuarts apologize for not being able to provide soy milk for their vegan critics' tea, Shell Nigeria is
flaring unrivaled amounts of gas, making it one of the world's single worst sources of pollution. And all the professed concerns
about the environment do not spare Ken Saro Wiwa and eight other activists from being hanged for opposing Shell's environmental
practices in the Niger Delta.
The Corporation exists to create wealth, and even world disasters can be profit centers.
Carlton Brown, a commodities trader, recounts with unabashed honesty the mindset of gold traders while the twin towers crushed
their occupants. The first thing that came to their minds, he tells us, was: "How much is gold up?"
You'd think that things like disasters, or the purity of childhood, or even milk, let alone water or air,
would be sacred. But no. Corporations have no built-in limits on what, who, or how much they can exploit for profit. In the
fifteenth century, the enclosure movement began to put fences around public grazing lands so that they might be privately
owned and exploited. Today, every molecule on the planet is up for grabs. In a bid to own it all, corporations are patenting
animals, plants, even your DNA.
Around things too precious, vulnerable, sacred or important to the public interest,
governments have, in the past, drawn protective boundaries against corporate exploitation. Today, governments are inviting
corporations into domains from which they were previously barred.
Initiative Corporation spends $22 billion worldwide placing its clients' advertising in every imaginable - and some unimaginable
- media. One new medium: very young children. Their "Nag Factor" study dropped jaws in the world of child psychiatry. It was
designed not to help parents cope with their children's nagging, but to help corporations formulate their ads and promotions
so that children would nag for their products more effectively. Initiative Vice President Lucy Hughes elaborates: "You can
manipulate consumers into wanting, and therefore buying your products. It's a game."
Today people can become brands
(Martha Stewart). And brands can build cities (Celebration, Florida). And university students can pay for their educations
by shilling on national television for a credit card company (Chris and Luke). And a corporation even owns the rights to the
popular song "Happy Birthday" (a division of AOL-Time-Warner). Do you ever get the feeling it's all a bit much?
have invested billions to shape public and political opinion. When they own everything, who will stand for the public good?
THE PRICE OF WHISTLEBLOWING
It turns out that standing for the public good is an expensive proposition.
Ask Jane Akre and Steve Wilson, two investigative reporters fired by Fox News after they refused to water down a story on
rBGH, a controversial synthetic hormone widely used in the United States (but banned in Europe and Canada) to rev up cows'
metabolism and boost their milk production. Because of the increased production, the cows suffer from mastitis, a painful
infection of the udders. Antibiotics must then be injected, which find their way into the milk, and ultimately reduce people's
resistance to disease.
Fox demanded that they rewrite the story, and ultimately fired Akre and Wilson. Akre and Wilson
subsequently sued Fox under Florida's whistle-blower statute. They proved to a jury that the version of the story Fox would
have had them put on the air was false, distorted or slanted. Akre was awarded $425,000. Then Fox appealed, the verdict was
overturned on a technicality, and Akre lost her award. [For an update on the case see Disc 2 where we learn that at one point,
Jane and Steve became liable for Fox's $1.8 million court costs, later to be reduced to $200,000.]
Democracy is a value that the corporation just doesn't understand. In fact, corporations have often tried
to undo democracy if it is an obstacle to their single-minded drive for profit. From a 1934 business-backed plot to install
a military dictator in the White House (undone by the integrity of one U.S. Marine Corps General, Smedley Darlington Butler)
to present-day law-drafting, corporations have bought military might, political muscle and public opinion.
do not hesitate to take advantage of democracy's absence either. One of the most shocking stories of the twentieth century
is Edwin Black's recounting IBM's strategic alliance with Nazi Germany-one that began in 1933 in the first weeks that Hitler
came to power and continued well into World War II.
The corporation may be trying
to render governments impotent, but since the landmark WTO protest in Seattle, a rising wave of networked individuals and
groups have decided to make their voices heard. Movements to challenge the very foundations of the corporation are afoot:
The corporate charter revocation movement tried to bring down oil giant Unocal; a groundbreaking ballot initiative in Arcata,
California, put the corporate agenda in the public spotlight in a series of town hall meetings; in Bolivia, the population
fought and won a battle against a huge transnational corporation brought in by their government to privatize the water system;
in India nearly 99% of the basmati patent of RiceTek was overturned; and W. R. Grace and the U.S. government's patent on Neem
As global individuals take back local power, a growing re-invigoration of the concept of citizenship is
taking root. It has the power to not only strip the corporation of its seeming omnipotence, but to create a feeling and an
ideology of democracy that is much more than its mere institutional version.
Along with the groundbreaking 145-minute theatrical version of the film, the two-disc set has eight hours of never-before-seen
footage. All of your favourite heroes and villains are back. In addition to two commentary tracks, deleted scenes, Q's and
A's, additional languages and descriptive audio for the visually impaired, 165 never seen before clips and updates are sorted
"by person" AND "by topic." Get the details you want to know on the issues you care about. Then, check out the web links for follow-up research and action.