Important note: Images and videos posted on this
website are very graphic. Viewers discretion is strongly advised!
Disclaimer And Fair Use
The idea of a free press in America is one that I hold in the highest regard.
I have great trust
and respect for the American people, and my worldwide audience, and believe them to be fully-capable of making their own decisions
and discerning their own realities if provided with uncensored news that show all aspects of what's happening.
unfortunately, reality proves to be different.Seek Truth and Report It
should be honest, fair and courageous in gathering, reporting and interpreting information.Society of Professional Journalists: CODE OF ETHICS
Regrettably, this "Code Of Ethics" is no longer valid these days.
For this reason it is my purpose to provide
you with information not covered by our so called "free Media".
Among the many articles posted here for your consideration,
there will doubtless be some that you find useless, and possibly offensive, but I believe you will be perceptive enough to
realize that even the stories you disagree with have some value in terms of promoting your own further self-definition and
I believe it to be unwise to sweep controversy under the carpet. I also firmly believe people should not
only read material which they agree with.
I have not censored the news and information here. That is for you to do.
strongly recommend not 'assuming' anything. Read, consider, and make your own informed decisions.
the Warren Commission report was accurate.
It was not.
People 'assumed' the Federal Government would never conduct
biochemical experiments on the general populace.
But it did, by the score.
People 'assumed' the world was once flat.
Although the material on this site is provided by me, I do not necessarily adhere to, or endorse, any
or all of the links, stories, articles, editorials, or products offered by sponsors found on this site.
All of the
materials and data offered on this site, are for informational and educational purposes only.
And remember: it's all
free to you, 24 hours a day,
7 days a week.
Thank you for visiting.
The materials comprising this Website
is provided by John McCarthy as a service to its readers on an "as-is, as-available" basis for informational purposes only.
I assume no responsibility for any errors or omissions in these materials. I make no commitment to update the information
Further, I cannot edit, control, review for truth or accuracy, or screen for defamation or obscenity
any content provided to the Website by a third party through postings, uploaded files, or any other form of communication,
nor can I ensure prompt removal of defamatory, obscene, inappropriate or unlawful content after transmission.
third party postings, files or other communications do not necessarily represent my opinions, beliefs, or positions or that
of a possible future sponsor.
I therefore make no, and expressly disclaim any, representations or warranties, express
or implied, regarding the Website, including, without limitation, any implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for
a particular purpose.
I make no, and expressly disclaim any, warranties, express or implied, regarding the correctness,
accuracy, completeness, timeliness, and reliability of the text, graphics, links to other sites and any other items accessed
from or via this Website or the Internet, or that the services will be uninterrupted, error-free or free of viruses or other
Under no circumstances shall I or any other person operating this site rightfully be liable for
any damages, whether direct, indirect, special or consequential damages for lost revenues, lost profits, or otherwise, arising
from or in connection with this Website, the materials contained herein, or the Internet generally.
All materials contained
in this Website are protected by copyright laws, and may not be reproduced, republished, distributed, transmitted, displayed,
broadcast or otherwise exploited in any manner without the express prior written permission of myself or the author, authors
or sources of said materials.
You may download material (one copy per page) from this Website for your personal and
non-commercial use only, without altering or removing any trademark, copyright or other notice from such material.
third party materials posted, filed or otherwise communicated to this Website become the copyrighted property of John McCarthy
and may be used, reproduced, published, distributed, transmitted, displayed, broadcast or otherwise exploited by John McCarthy.
TO REPRINT ONLY IF THE FOLLOWING APPEARS:
"Permission to reprint courtesy of John McCarthy
© Copyright John McCarthy
FAIR USE NOTICE. This site contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically
authorized by the copyright owner. I am making such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of environmental,
politica, human rights, economic, democracy, scientific, and social justice issues, etc..
I believe this constitutes
a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. If you wish to use copyrighted
material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright
In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those
who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes.
more information go to:http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
United States Code: Title 17, Section 107 http://www4.law.cornell.edu/uscode/unframed/17/107.html
Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 106 and 106A, the fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use by
reproduction in copies or phonorecords or by any other means specified by that section, for purposes such as criticism, comment,
news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of
copyright. In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the factors to be considered
shall include - (1) the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit
educational purposes; (2) the nature of the copyrighted work; (3) the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation
to the copyrighted work as a whole; and (4) the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted
work. The fact that a work is unpublished shall not itself bar a finding of fair use if such finding is made upon consideration
of all the above factors.
United States Code: Title 17, Section 106 Chapter 1 - Subject Matter And Scope of Copyright
Subject to sections 107 through 120, the owner of copyright under this title has the exclusive rights to do
and to authorize any of the following: (1) to reproduce the copyrighted work in copies or phonorecords; (2) to prepare derivative
works based upon the copyrighted work; (3) to distribute copies or phonorecords of the copyrighted work to the public by sale
or other transfer of ownership, or by rental, lease, or lending; (4) in the case of literary, musical, dramatic, and choreographic
works, pantomimes, and motion pictures and other audiovisual works, to perform the copyrighted work publicly; (5) in the case
of literary, musical, dramatic, and choreographic works, pantomimes, and pictorial, graphic, or sculptural works, including
the individual images of a motion picture or other audiovisual work, to display the copyrighted work publicly; and (6) in
the case of sound recordings, to perform the copyrighted work publicly by means of a digital audio transmission.
USE NOTICE: This site contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright
owner. We are making such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of environmental, political, human rights,
economic, democracy, scientific, and social justice issues, etc. We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted
material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material
on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information
for research and educational purposes.
TO: Members of the Faculty, Hoover Institution Fellows, Academic Staff, and Library Directors
Condoleezza Rice, Provost
RE: Copyright Reminder
October 30, 1998
This memorandum provides a general
description of the applicability of the copyright law and the so-called "fair use" exemptions to the copyright law's general
prohibition on copying. It also describes "safe harbor" guidelines applicable to classroom copying.
The federal copyright
statute governs the reproduction of works of authorship. In general, works governed by copyright law include such traditional
works of authorship as books, photographs, music, drama, video and sculpture, and also software, multimedia, and databases.
Copyrighted works are protected regardless of the medium in which they are created or reproduced; thus, copyright extends
to digital works and works transformed into a digital format. Copyrighted works are not limited to those that bear a copyright
notice. As a result of changes in copyright law, works published since March 1, 1989 need not bear a copyright notice to be
protected under the statute.
Two provisions of the copyright statute are of particular importance to teachers and researchers:
a provision that codifies the doctrine of "fair use," under which limited copying of copyrighted works without the permission
of the owner is allowed for certain teaching and research purposes; and
* a provision that establishes special limitations
and exemptions for the reproduction of copyrighted works by libraries and archives.
The concept of fair use is necessarily
somewhat vague when discussed in the abstract. Its application depends critically on the particular facts of the individual
situation. Neither the case law nor the statutory law provides bright lines concerning which uses are fair and which are not.
However, you may find it helpful to refer to certain third party source materials. Guidelines for classroom copying by not-for-profit
educational institutions have been prepared by a group consisting of the Authors League of America, the Association of American
Publishers, and an ad hoc committee of educational institutions and organizations. In addition, fair use guidelines for educational
multimedia have been prepared by a group coordinated by the consortium of College and University Multimedia Centers (CCUMC).
These guidelines describe safe harbor conditions, but do not purport to define the full extent of "fair use."
as well as other source material, are available through a variety of resources, including through the world wide web site
Stanford University Libraries & Academic Information Resources, in collaboration with the Council on Library Resources
and FindLaw Internet Legal Resources, are sponsors of this web site. The site assembles a wide range of materials related
to the use of copyrighted material by individuals, libraries, and educational institutions.
I hope that the discussion
below helps to clarify further the nature of "fair use."
I. Fair Use for Teaching and Research
The "fair use"
doctrine allows limited reproduction of copyrighted works for educational and research purposes. The relevant portion of the
copyright statue provides that the "fair use" of a copyrighted work, including reproduction "for purposes such as criticism,
news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research" is not an infringement of
copyright. The law lists the following factors as the ones to be evaluated in determining whether a particular use of a copyrighted
work is a permitted "fair use," rather than an infringement of the copyright:
* the purpose and character of the use,
including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes;
* the nature of the
* the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole,
* the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work.
Although all of
these factors will be considered, the last factor is the most important in determining whether a particular use is "fair."
Where a work is available for purchase or license from the copyright owner in the medium or format desired, copying of all
or a significant portion of the work in lieu of purchasing or licensing a sufficient number of "authorized" copies would be
presumptively unfair. Where only a small portion of a work is to be copied and the work would not be used if purchase or licensing
of a sufficient number of authorized copies were required, the intended use is more likely to be found to be fair.
federal appeals court recently decided an important copyright fair use case involving coursepacks. In Princeton University
Press, et.al. v. Michigan Document Services, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit concluded that the copying of
excerpts from books and other publications by a commercial copy service without the payment of fees to the copyright holders
to create coursepacks for university students was not fair use. The size of the offending excerpts varied from 30 percent
to as little as 5 percent of the original publications. Although the opinion in this case is not binding in California, it
is consistent with prior cases from other courts, and there is a reasonable likelihood that the California federal courts
would reach a similar conclusion on similar facts.
Where questions arise, we suggest that you consult the guidelines
for classroom copying and other available source material available on the fair use web site, cited above. Please note that
the guidelines are intended to state the minimum, not the maximum, extent of the fair use doctrine. Thus, just because your
use is not within the guidelines, it is it not necessarily outside the scope of fair use. In the absence of a definitive conclusion,
however, if the proposed use deviates from the guidelines, you should consider obtaining permission to use the work from the
copyright owner. In instances where the fair use question is important and permission would be difficult or expensive to obtain,
a member of the Fair Use Advisory Group (described below) or the Legal Office can assist in analyzing whether a particular
proposed use would constitute "fair use."
Some photocopying services will obtain copyright permission and add the price
of the royalties, if any, to the price of the materials. A request to copy a copyrighted work should generally be sent to
the permission department of the publisher of the work. Permission requests should contain the following:
author, and/or editor, and edition
* Exact material to be used, giving page numbers or chapters
* Number of
copies to be made
* Use to be made of the copied materials
* Form of distribution (classroom, newsletter, etc.)
Whether the material is to be sold
Draft form letters can be obtained from or reviewed by a member of the Fair Use
Advisory Group or the Legal Office.
For certain works, permission may also be sought from the Copyright Clearance Center
(CCC) which will quote a charge for works for which they are able to give permission. The Copyright Clearance Center can be
or (978) 750-8400, but it may be easier to go through a copying service that deals regularly with the CCC.
Some libraries at Stanford will refuse to accept multiple photocopies or to make photocopies of copyrighted
materials needed for course reserves without first having permission from the copyright holder. Other libraries on campus
will accept a limited number of photocopies for course reserves. Consult individual libraries for clarification of their policies.
the libraries have blanket permission from dozens of journals, obtaining permission sometimes takes a good deal of time. Experience
in obtaining permission has shown that an inquiry addressed to a journal publisher frequently produces information that the
copyright is actually held by the author, and four weeks is often inadequate to obtain such permission. Four to six weeks
is considered the norm.
Permission may be obtained in a number of ways:
* Upon request, some libraries on campus
will obtain materials for course reserve. In these cases, the librarian will write to obtain permission to photocopy or to
purchase reprints. However, most libraries do not provide this service.
* Written permission may be obtained by the
* Oral permission may be obtained by faculty members, departmental secretaries, or library staff,
in which case a written record is needed of that action.
Note that filling course reserve requirements may require
two to three months before the quarter begins if the library does not already have a copy of the publication, if the publication
is out of print, or if the copyright holder is not readily available.
on copyright issues may be found on the world wide web site http://fairuse.stanford.edu.
Questions about the copyright law as it affects faculty and staff in their University capacities should be directed
to a member of the Fair Use Advisory Group (see attachment) or to Linda Woodward in the Legal Office (3-9751), who can put
you in touch with the appropriate lawyer to respond to your specific question. Questions about library policy and course reserves
should be addressed to Assunta Pisani, Associate Director, University Libraries (apisani@sulmail or 3-5553). Information concerning
the application of copyright law to computer software can be found in the memorandum "Copying of Computer Software" distributed
by the Library and Information Resources and in Administrative Guide Memorandum 62.
Thank you for your cooperation
in ensuring the observation of these guidelines.