Radioactive Tank No. 9 comes limping homeby Bob Nichols
|"RADIOACTIVE" is stenciled on Abrams tanks in these
pictures taken Oct. 13, 2005, in Topeka, Kansas. |
Photo: Chris Bayruh
Across the plains of Kansas, destroyed, radioactive Abrams tanks, perched on railroad flatcars, rolled towards an uncertain
future. Only one thing was certain. They would be radioactive forever. This would be their everlasting death mask. The Pentagon
deceptively calls it "depleted uranium."
The Abrams tanks are constructed with a layer of radioactive uranium metal plates. The big tanks fire a giant uranium dart
at 2,100 mph, much faster than an F-16 fighter aircraft, mach III to airplane pilots and very, very fast to the rest of us.
American taxpayers paid to ship the tanks to Iraq and to return them for disposal or re-building in the United States.
The tanks are 12 feet wide and weigh a stout 70 tons, or 140,000 pounds.
The enduring vigorous stupidity of the U.S. military pretends that radiation is one of those things that if you can't see
it, it can't hurt you. They are thoroughly delusional, of course. A National Academy of Sciences report released June 30,
2005, finds that there is no safe level of radiation. Any radiation is bad.
|This radioactive tank sitting exposed on a flatbed railroad
car in Topeka, Kansas, should have been "encapsulated," according to U.S. Army Regulation 700-48, which has the force of law.|
Photo: Chris Bayruh
From America to Iraq and back, these giant radioactive hulks can only sicken and kill Americans. On top of the sheer, unrelenting
stupidity of playing with radiation with unsuspecting soldiers, now the neo-con government is involving everyday Americans
in their radiation madness.
The Pentagon can't even follow simple radiation hazard mitigation instructions. Their own rules and regulations have the
force of law throughout the world. Yet they are ignored in the United States.
Dr. Doug Rokke
Dr. Doug Rokke is the Pentagon's former director of the U.S. Army Depleted Uranium Project. When contacted on Oct.
22, he viewed Chris Bayruh's photographs and made this statement about the radioactive tanks in Kansas: "The radioactive damaged
Abrams tanks that were left unsecured on a Kansas railroad track are a perfect example of exactly how not to ship damaged
radioactive equipment and how not to protect our Army's Abrams tanks from possible sabotage and compromise of classified battle
On Oct. 10, prior to the discovery of the radioactive tanks, Dr. Rokke made the following statement. It is eerily predictive
of what would happen in Kansas three days later. "U.S. Department of Defense officials continue to deny that there are any
adverse health and environmental effects as a consequence of the manufacture, testing and/or use of uranium munitions to avoid
liability for the willful and illegal dispersal of a radioactive toxic material - depleted uranium."
|This is another of the destroyed radioactive tanks in
Topeka, Kansas. Children were playing around the tanks.|
Photo: Chris Bayruh
Dr. Rokke continued, "They [the U.S. military] arrogantly refuse to comply with their own regulations, orders and directives
that require United States Department of Defense officials to provide prompt and effective medical care to all exposed individuals."
(See Note 1 below.)
"They also refuse to clean up dispersed radioactive contamination of equipment as required by Army regulations." (See Note
"Specifically, they are required (see Note 3) to accomplish four things:
1) Military personnel must 'identify, segregate, isolate, secure and label all RCE' (radiologically contaminated equipment).
2) 'Procedures to minimize the spread of radioactivity will be implemented as soon as possible.'
3) 'Radioactive material and waste will not be locally disposed of through burial, submersion, incineration, destruction
in place, or abandonment' and
4) 'All equipment, to include captured or combat RCE, will be surveyed, packaged, retrograded, decontaminated and released.'
"The past and current use of uranium weapons, the release of radioactive components in destroyed U.S. and foreign military
equipment, and releases of industrial, medical and research facility radioactive materials have resulted in unacceptable exposures."
Dr. Rokke added, "Therefore, decontamination must be completed as required by U.S. Army Regulation 700-48 and should include
releases of all radioactive materials resulting from military operations.
"The extent of adverse health and environmental effects of uranium weapons contamination is not limited to combat zones
but includes facilities and sites where uranium weapons were manufactured or tested, including Vieques, Puerto Rico, Colonie,
New York, and Jefferson Proving Grounds, Indiana.
"Therefore, medical care must be provided by the United States Department of Defense officials to all individuals affected
by the manufacturing, testing and/or use of uranium munitions. Thorough environmental remediation also must be completed without
"I am amazed," exclaimed Dr. Rokke, "that 14 years after I was asked to clean up the initial DU mess from Gulf War I and
almost 10 years since I finished the depleted uranium project, United States Department of Defense officials and many others
still attempt to justify uranium munitions use while ignoring mandatory requirements.
"But beyond the ignored mandatory actions, the willful dispersal of tons of solid radioactive and chemically toxic waste
in the form of uranium munitions just does not even pass the common sense test.
"Finally, continued compliance with the infamous March 1991 Los Alamos Memorandum (see Note 5) that was issued to ensure
continued use of uranium munitions cannot be justified.
"In conclusion," Dr. Rokke urged, "the president of the United States, George W. Bush, and the prime minister of Great
Britain, Tony Blair, must acknowledge and accept responsibility for willful use of illegal uranium munitions - their own "dirty
bombs" - resulting in adverse health and environmental effects."
"President Bush and Prime Minister Blair also should order:
1) medical care for all casualties,
2) thorough environmental remediation,
3) immediate cessation of retaliation against all of us who demand compliance with medical care and environmental remediation
4) and ban the future use of depleted uranium munitions," Dr. Rokke concluded.
A little old lady in tennis shoes
Leuren Moret is a world famous scientist and radiation specialist who formerly worked at the Lawrence Livermore
Nuclear Weapons Lab, where she became a whistleblower in 1991. She has spoken out about the danger of uranium munitions to
humanity in more than 42 countries.
Moret has appeared in four documentaries about uranium munitions (depleted uranium). "Beyond Treason" debuted in August
2005 and won the Grand Festival Award at the Berkeley Film Festival. The newest film, "Blowin' in the Wind," was nominated
during its debut the first week of November in Australia for an Academy Award.
Moret was an expert witness at the International Criminal Tribunal for Afghanistan and serves as an adviser and expert
witness in court cases regarding radiation exposure. Her statement, made Oct. 24, about the dead tanks in Kansas follows:
"Sally Devlin, a little old lady in tennis shoes, went to a public meeting several years ago, held by the Air Force in
Pahrump, Nevada. Two officers told the citizens of the town that the Air Force would be moving 80 old target practice tanks
and tons of old depleted uranium munitions through their town.
"The radioactive bullets had been picked up off the Nellis gunnery ranges by order of the state of Nevada and were being
transported to the Nevada Test Site [a nuclear weapons test site] to be buried as radioactive waste.
"When Mrs. Devlin politely asked them how they would prevent the residents of the town from being contaminated by the radioactive
dust on the tanks and bullets, the officers said, 'We're wrapping them in Saran Wrap.' She told them that would be unacceptable
and stopped the Air Force dead in their tracks," Moret concluded.
Whether it is Saran Wrap in Nevada or nothing at all in Kansas, the Pentagon just doesn't get it when it comes to uranium
radiation dispersing weapons. It is way past time to take all their nuclear weapons and uranium munitions away from them and
send them home to get real jobs. They are clearly incapable of protecting this country from all dangers, including those created
by our own U.S. military.
The U.S. military shows so little regard for Americans in Kansas, one wonders what on earth they have done to Iraq. The
U.S. military has distributed an estimated 8 million pounds of weaponized ceramic uranium oxide gas, aerosols and dust on
a practically defenseless little country of 26 million people (see Note 6), according to an estimate by former U.S. Attorney
General Ramsey Clark.
What is this lethal radioactive weapon supposed to do? Why was it used? Ceramic uranium oxide gas is a genocidal weapon,
for God's sake. It persists in the environment forever. In Leuren Moret's pithy words, "The Iraqis are uranium meat."
The politicians, Pentagon staff, generals, commanding officers and others responsible for this war crime must be arrested,
tried, convicted and appropriately punished for their crimes against humanity.
There is another explanation
Another explanation is that the U.S. Army and other branches of the military are far from stupid. They are, in fact,
the most lethal and carefully planned military in the history of the world. The extensive use of weaponized uranium oxide
gas, aerosols and dust is not an accident or an oversight. They did it on purpose.
If this is true, they purposely used a genocidal weapon over at least a 15-year period. No, this is not a callous mistake
of empire; it is a calculated act of genocide to weaken the oil- and gas-rich countries of Central Asia, including Iraq. Take
your choice: they are either stupid or genocidal monsters.
A British group has estimated the weaponized ceramic uranium oxide will account for an additional 25 million cancers in
Iraq in the next several years. There are only 26 million Iraqis to start with, minus the nearly 1.7 million killed by war
or sanctions since 1991, plus some live births.
A National Academy of Sciences report released June 30, 2005, finds that there is no safe level of radiation. The committee
dismissed the idea that any radiation could be harmless or beneficial.
The radioactive tanks in Kansas and Iraq are the same. They are placed there at great expense by the senior American political
and military leadership, with premeditated malice. The bottom line purpose of a 140,000-pound radioactive tank is to kill
Uranium munitions a war crime
Dennis Kyne, noted speaker and writer, is a former drill instructor (DI) and a 15-year veteran of the Army as well
as a Gulf War vet (see www.denniskyne.com). Kyne makes a point of how "hot" or radioactive the tanks in Kansas would be if they were hit by "friendly fire" to get
beat up so much. They could be contaminated with as much as 30,000 times background radiation. That is what uranium munitions
do to a tank, bunker or building.
Karen Parker, a prominent U.S. international human rights lawyer, says there are four rules derived from humanitarian laws
and conventions regarding weapons:
1. Weapons may only be used against legal enemy military targets and must not have an adverse effect elsewhere (the territorial
2. Weapons can only be used for the duration of an armed conflict and must not be used or continue to act afterwards (the
3. Weapons may not be unduly inhumane (the "humaneness" rule). The Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907 speak of "unnecessary
suffering" and "superfluous injury" in this regard
4. Weapons may not have an unduly negative effect on the natural environment (the "environmental" rule).
"DU weaponry fails all four tests," Parker states. "First, DU cannot be limited to legal military targets. Second, it cannot
be 'turned off' when the war is over but keeps killing.
"Third, DU can kill through painful conditions such as cancers and organ damage and can also cause birth defects, such
as facial deformities and missing limbs. Lastly, DU cannot be used without unduly damaging the natural environment.
"In my view, use of DU weaponry violates the grave breach provisions of the Geneva Conventions," Parker concluded, "and
so its use constitutes a war crime, or crime against humanity."
1. "Medical Management of Unusual Depleted Uranium Casualties," DOD, Pentagon, 10/14/93, "Medical Management of
Army Personnel Exposed to Depleted Uranium (DU)," Headquarters, U.S. Army Medical Command, 4/29/04, and section 2-5 of AR
2. AR 700- 48: "Management of Equipment Contaminated With Depleted Uranium or Radioactive Commodities," Headquarters, Department
of the Army, Washington, D.C., September 2002, and U.S. Army Technical Bulletin TB 9-1300-278: "Guidelines For Safe Response
To Handling, Storage, and Transportation Accidents Involving Army Tank Munitions or Armor Which Contain Depleted Uranium,"
Headquarters, Department of the Army, Washington, D.C., July 1996, http://traprockpeace.org/du_pam_700-48.pdf
3. Section 2-4 of United States Army Regulation 700-48 dated Sept. 16, 2002, specifies these requirements.
4. IAW Technical Bulletin 9-1300-278, DA PAM 700-48. Maximum exposure limits are specified in Appendix F.
6. Former U.S. Attorney General Ramsey Clark's estimate, http://www.covertactionquarterly.org/demonize.html
© Copyright Bob Nichols. Copying permitted if you credit the source and leave everything intact, including notes. Bob
Nichols is a Project Censored Award winner and lives in California. He formerly lived in Oklahoma. He is a contributor to
OnLineJournal.com, AxisofLogic.com, DissidentVoice.com and other online publications and is a correspondent for the San Francisco
Bay View newspaper. Nichols is a former employee of the McAlester Army Ammunition Plant. He can be reached by email at firstname.lastname@example.org.