INDEPENDENT MEDIA IN A TIME OF WAR
Select clips from a speech by Amy Goodman.
AMY GOODMAN: The media are among the most powerful institutions on earth. Cuz they are not only among the wealthiest,
but they are the way the whole world views us and we view each other.
AMY GOODMAN: The other morning I was invited on a commercial radio station, a little bit of a shock jockey station
for a few minutes after the statue of Saddam Hussein was pulled down by the U.S. Marines in Baghdad. One of their first questions
was "how do you feel now?" They also asked me about what I think about the torture rooms that were found. In talking about
the torture rooms, I could only think about how important it was to be aware of what torture is. How horrific it is. Whether
Saddam Hussein does it, that military tyrant who assured up by the United States for so long. Or the fact that now, there
is an actually acceptable debate in this country, in the mainstream media about whether the U.S. should torture people to
get information. And if the U.S. doesn't do it, for example those at Guantanamo Bay, those at Bagram Airbase in Afghanistan,
isn't it O.K. to send them to countries that do engage in torture? I thought, those torture chamber's of Saddam Hussein are
very important lessons to all of us about what is not acceptable in a civilized society, neither here nor there.
There was a piece in the Wall Street Journal the other day about the difference between CNN and CNN International, two
different networks owned by the same company. And they talked about the difference on that day, the day that the statue was
pulled down. On CNN, all day we watched that statue pull down and went back up and pulled down again.
AMY GOODMAN: On CNN International they also showed the statue pulled down but it was a split screen and on half
the screen they showed the casualties of war and on the other half they showed the statue pull down. Now I'm not talking about
the difference between CNN and Al Jazeera. I'm talking about the difference between CNN and CNN International. It means that
that company knows exactly what it's doing. What they provide for domestic consumption and what they provide to the rest of
the world. Now think about what the rest of the world sees and what we see here in the United States.
Some of you may have heard the hour discussion we had with CNN's Aaron Brown and we were asking him a lot of questions
like "Where are the pictures of casualties in the U.S. media"?
AARON BROWN: I think there are actually legitimate questions here about have we over sanitized this?
AMY GOODMAN: And he said, "well some of them are tasteless". And we said, "well, war is tasteless". I was speaking
at St. Mark's Church in New York and I talked about how Al Jazerra shows all these casualties pictures and a journalist came
up to me afterwards from Berlin and said, "It's not just Al Jazeera that's showing these. All over Europe we see them day
and night. It's just here in the United States that you don't see them". And so we asked Aaron Brown, "Why don't they show
some of the shots", you know CNN was kicked out of Baghdad and he said "it's tough to get those shots". You have no trouble
taking Al Jazeera's footage of the bombs over Baghdad, the kind-of fireworks display that we saw that night scape, but when
it came to taking their pictures of casualties. Well, he said, "they're tasteless".
I really do think that if for one week in the United States we saw the true face of war, we saw people's limbs sheered
off, we saw the kids blown apart, for one week war would be eradicated. Instead what we see in the U.S. media and it's just
quite astounding, it's the video war game. Those gray-grainy photographs with a target on them looking down but you don't
see, we don't see those people as the targets on the ground.
NEWS CLIP: The administration is very proud of the precision with which they went about yesterday's attack.
FOX NEWS: There have been apparently very few casualties which is exactly what the United States government wanted,
AMY GOODMAN: A Newsday reporter asked me the other day, am I opposed to embedded reporters? You know they say it
in the mainstream media, I don't know how to say it, they say and our reporter embedded with the Marines.
NEWS CLIP: Our reporter, Diane Mearial who is embedded with the British troops in southern Iraq.
These rules are bent sometimes.
AMY GOODMAN: Even Walter Cronkite the other day raised some objections "What an unfortunate choice of words" he
said. And he was critical. You rarely hear that criticism in the mainstream media, the working journalists today. What kind
of critical reporting do we get?
NEWS CLIP You might find this interesting that when the tanks are inspected it's not unlike taking your car to a
gas station. Ah, they have a dipstick that they put into the engine to check the oil levels.
NEWS CLIP No one does this better in the world than the American GI.
AMY GOODMAN: It's this parade of retired generals that are on the network's payrolls.
NEWS CLIP I'm back with two of our military analysts who've been with us this morning who are helping us understand
AMY GOODMAN: We now have people like Wesley Clarke, General Wesley Clarke on the payroll of CNN who is questioning
their embedded reporter on the front line. He is questioning the reporter and the reporter is saying "Yes sir, No Sir".
NEWS CLIP This is a very special moment in time for the men and families and for this country. It is often fascinating
for me. General Clarke and I have spent a good amount of time together today and over the week.
AMY GOODMAN: This is journalism in America today. They have redefined general news and we have got to challenge
AMY GOODMAN: Why is it if they have these retired generals on the payroll, they don't have peace activists and peace
leaders also on the payroll? So let's have the same number of reporters embedded with Iraqi families, let's have reporters
embedded in the peace movement all over the world, and maybe then we'll get some accurate picture of what's going on. Aaron
Brown had some interesting comments. He said "no", because these generals are analysts. He said he admits they came late to
the peace movement. But once the war started those voices are irrelevant because then the war is on.
AARON BROWN: It's just not the relevant question right now.
AMY GOODMAN: Why not?
AARON BROWN: Because it's over. It's on. It's being done.
AMY GOODMAN: I asked him, well how would the Vietnam War have ended then? And do you think we would have seen the
most famous picture from the Vietnam War, that picture of the little girl with the Napalm burning all over her? Would we have
seen that picture that helped end the war? And he said, "well, of course". I said, "how?". We're seeing these romanticized
pictures of soldiers against sunsets and the planes on those aircraft carriers that the embedded photographers are getting
at the sunrise hour.
The Newsday reporter who did this profile today asked about my engaging in advocacy in journalism. And I said, "the establishment
reporters are my model".
NBC: Revolutionary coverage, the power of NBC news.
AMY GOODMAN: Think about Dan Rather the night that the bombs started falling on Iraq. He said, "Good Morning Baghdad"
DAN RATHER: CBS news has been told...
AMY GOODMAN: And Tom Brokaw said "we don't want to destroy the infrastructure of Iraq because we're going to own
it in a few days.
TOM BROKAW: Shock and awe...
AMY GOODMAN: And Peter Jennings was interviewing Chris Cuomo who is a reporter for ABC and he was out on the street,
where we were, Times Square, thousands of people in the freezing rain who had come out to protest the war. They had all sorts
of signs that were sopping wet and people were trying to keep the umbrellas up and the police charged a part of the crowd.
Jennings said to Cuomo "what are they doing out there, what are they saying?" And he said, "well they have these signs that
say no blood for oil but when you ask them what that means they seem very confused. I don't think they know why they're out
here." I guess they got caught in a traffic jam. Why not have Peter Jennings, instead of asking someone who clearly doesn't
understand why they're out there, invite one of them into the studio? And have a discussion like he does with the generals.
NEWS CLIP: It's captivating to watch this technology at work.
AMY GOODMAN: Why don't they also put doctors on the payroll. That way you can have the general talking about the
bomb that Lockheed Martin made and the kind of plane that drops it and whether it was precision guided or not. And then you
can have the doctor talking about the effect of the bomb. Not for or against the war, just how a cluster bomb enters your
skin and what it means when your foot is blown off, if you're lucky and you're not killed. So why not have doctors and generals
at least. But this is just to show how low the media has gone.
FOX NEWS: Stay brave, stay aware and stay with Fox.
AMY GOODMAN: You have not only Fox, but MSNBC and NBC, yes owned by General Electric, one of the major nuclear weapons
manufacturers in the world. MSNBC and NBC as well as Fox titling their coverage taking the name of what the pentagon calls
the invasion of Iraq. Operation Iraqi Freedom. So that's what the pentagon does and you expect that, they research the most
effective propagandistic name to call their operation. But for the media to name their coverage what the pentagon calls it.
Everyday seeing Operation Iraqi Freedom you have to ask, if this were state media how would it be any different?
BUSH: In Iraq, the regime of Saddam Hussein is no more.
MICHAEL MOORE at the Oscars: We live in a time where we have a man sending us to war for fictitious reasons. We
are against this war Mr. Bush. Shame on you Mr. Bush. Shame on you. And anytime you've got the Pope and the Dixie Chicks against
you, your time is up! Thank you very much.
AMY GOODMAN: Even now the media has had to start reporting a little bit on the protest. But it's not those events
that we're talking about. It's the daily drumbeat coverage who is interviewed on the front pages of the New York Times and
the Washington Post for the headline stories and the network newscasts that matters. They're the ones shaping foreign policy.
FAIR did a a study. In the week leading up to General Colin Powell going to the security council to make his case for the
invasion and the week afterwards, this was the period where more than half of the people in this country were opposed to an
invasion. They did a study of CBS evening news, NBC nightly news, ABC evening news and the NewsHour with Jim Lehrer on PBS.
The four major newscasts. Two weeks. 393 interviews on war. 3 were anti-war voices. 3 of almost 400 and that included PBS.
This has to be changed. It has to be challenged.
We are not the only ones, Pacifica Radio, NPR stations, we are not the only ones that are using the public airwaves, they
are too. And they have to provide the diversity of opinion that fully expresses the debate and the anguish and the discussions
that are going on all over this country. That is media serving a democratic society.
AMY GOODMAN: For awhile in talks before the invasion, I've been saying as we see the full page pictures of the target
on Saddam Hussein's forehead that it would be more accurate to show the target on the forehead of a little Iraqi girl because
that's who dies in war. The overwhelming majority of people who die are innocent civilians. And then what happens on the first
night of the invasion? Missile strikes a residential area in Baghdad. They say they think they've taken out Saddam Hussein.
Independent reporter May Ying Welsh who stayed their as the bombs fell, who you heard on Democracy Now! on a regular basis,
went to the hospital right after that first attack and there was a four-year-old girl critically injured from that missile
attack and her mother critically injured and her mother's sister. That's who dies, that's who gets injured in war. Ghandi
asking, you know when he was asked what do you think of Western civilization? He said I think it would be a good idea.
Here are some of the headlines: Can you help me get my arms back? Do you think the doctors can get me another pair of hands?
If I don't get a pair of hands, I'll commit suicide. These were the words of 12-year-old, Ali Ismail Abass, who lost his arms,
was orphaned and received severe burns when a missile hit his home ten days ago. The wounded Iraqi boy has begun eating food
and drinking normally after recovering from initial surgery at a hospital in Kuwait City to place a temporary graft over the
deep burns in his chest, abdomen and groin. He's expected to undergo further surgery that will involve grafting skin from
his own body. The badly burned child amputee has become the icon of civilian suffering in the U.S. led invasion of Iraq. His
pregnant mother, father, brother and 12 other relatives died when a missile obliterated their home. One story.
And I think of the woman from the shock jock station who asked, "now what do you think, are you really not going to call
this a victory"?
AMY GOODMAN: I talked earlier about it being such a dark day for journalism in this country. It's a dark day for
journalism around the world, with at this point they think 14 journalists killed. An incredibly high proportion of foreign
deaths. We don't know the number of Iraqi deaths, thousands of people have been killed. But journalists, mainly unembedded
reporters like those at the Palestine hotel. Everyone knew where the Palestine hotel was and it was packed with hundreds of
reporters who are packed in like sardines when the U.S. military shelled the hotel, killing a Ukrainian cameraman. Killing
a Spanish cameraman and then there was Tareq Ayub (sp), who is the Palestinian Jordain reporter who had just come in from
Jordan and was at his office at Al Jazeera. Al Jazeera had given the coordinates to the office repeatedly to the Pentagon
and maybe that was their first mistake.
NEWS CLIP: We gave them the exact location in terms of longitude and latitude. The height of the building from the
AMY GOODMAN: Because the Pentagon dropped a missile on the Al Jazeera offices and killed the 34-year-old journalist.
His wife, wailing in Amman at the funeral said, "hate breeds hate." The U.S. said they were doing this to route out terrorism,
who's engaged in terrorism now? Abu Dabi TV, which was right next door, their competitor, the reporters were still broadcasting
as the tanks surrounded them and they knew that they had already bombed the Al Jazeera offices, pleaded with anyone to help
save them as the tanks surrounded and shelled their offices. In this country, there has hardly been a peep from the establishment
mainstream media objecting to what the U.S. military has done. Pentagon spokesperson Victoria Clark, she was in charge of
the Washington office in the first gulf war when that 15-year-old Kuwaiti girl gave that heart-rending testimony before the
Human Rights Caucus about how she watched Iraqi soldiers drag Kuwaiti babies out of incubators. Turned out it was all a hoax,
she was never there. She's the daughter of the Kuwaiti ambassador. Well the Pentagon was very impressed and she's now their
The two Spanish journalists who died. Two, Jose Cousa from Telecinco. He was a cameraman and also the Spanish reporter
who died, Julio Anguita Perado (ph), a reporter for Spanish newspaper El Mundo. When this happened the Spanish reporters,
back in Spain, said "no" and they engaged in a one day strike. When the Prime Minister of Spain came to the Spanish Parliament,
they laid down the tools of their trade, they put down their cameras, their pens and their pencils, they laid down the cables
and the microphones and they turned their backs and said "Shame", that they would not record the words of the powerful who
have condoned these acts. And then they went outside, hundreds of media workers. These were the elite journalists of Spain
and they stood outside the U.S. Embassy, they blocked the intersection and they chanted "murderer, murderer".
As the press in this country, unfortunately people like Ann Garrells of NPR, said that Tareq Ayub should have known better
than to be in his office. The Agence France-Presse reporter in New York was outraged as he listened to this report. They got
calls from all over, "How dare you blame the victim" and she a reporter herself and I watched on CNN as Aaron Brown asked
General Wesley Clarke why this happened and he said, "well this was clearly a mistake". And Victoria Clark is put on saying
that "they should know Baghdad is dangerous and they should not be there". I believe that's the role of reporters to go to
where the silence is, to bring us the voices of people who are at Ground Zero. Now it's one thing if they were killed by others
but they were killed by Victoria Clark's own troops and she never apologized. The pentagon has yet to do that and now 14 journalists
It is a very strong message that is being sent to the world's reporters now that this embedding has become such a success.
And that is you're in bed with the military or well, think about the Palestine hotel.
MUSIC: And the mighty multi-nationals have monopolized the oxygen so it's as easy as breathing for us all to participate.
AMY GOODMAN: On the night that the bombing began to go over to the Ani Difranco concert at the New Jersey performing
arts center some of you may have heard what happened. You might wonder, why go on the moment that the bombs are about to fall,
but 2000 young people were packed into the fine arts center in Newark, New Jersey to see Ani, a wonderful artist perform.
And she said I could introduce her and also explain the importance of independent media in a time of war and where people
could get alternative information. They were also going to have political tabling and we raced over to the performing arts
center and I called the cell phone and Ani answered. I thought she was going on the stage and getting ready and I said "what
are you doing answering this phone?" She said, "I don't know if the concert's going to go on. They'll probably close down
the concert if you go on the stage, They said no political speech allowed but we are willing to risk this. They said take
the mike and make your statement about democratic media in a time of war and if they close the mike which we expect, we have
a mike right behind that's Ani's mike and pick it up and just keep on talking". Now why is this significant and why does it
relate to the rest of the country? Clear-Channel is the very Bush-connected company that went from owning 47 radio stations
to 1400 in no time at all. As the FCC and Michael Powell son of General Colin Powell who heads it are in the process of deregulating
the media and so we have seen this explosion of ownership, except I would say a concentration of ownership, owning 1400 radio
stations in the country. They are sponsoring pro-war rallies and they are saying that music that is critical of war cannot
be played and their pushing other kinds of songs and they're saying no political speech aloud.
Well we got up and we gave our little speech and they didn't close the mike and Ani got up and she said, "that's one for
the people and zero for the knuckle-heads." and then she sang...
ANI DIFRANCO: Your next bold move. The next thing you're going to need to prove to yourself...
AMY GOODMAN: These are very serious times at every level. Michael Franti, the great hip-hop artist just told his
story on Democracy Now! of being at a concert on the east coast, flying home to California, and the FBI knocking on the door.
The FBI knocking on the door of one of the band members homes, and starting to question them and showing them pictures of
their performance the night before on the east coast. And starting to question about who everyone is. He described getting
his MTV email. These are artists who've got their music videos that said, "we will play no songs that say the word war". This
all has to be challenged.
Our mission is to make dissent commonplace in America so you're not surprised when you're at work, someone walks over to
the water cooler and makes a comment and someone isn't shocked and says, "what's that all about?" but that it comes out of
the finest tradition that built this country. People engaged in dissent. We have parallel worlds in this country. For some
it's the greatest democracy on earth. There is no question about that. But for others, immigrants now in detention facilities,
they have no rights, not even to a lawyer. And we have to be there and we have to watch and we have to listen. We have to
tell their stories until they can tell their own. That's why I think Democracy Now! is a very good model for the rest of the
media, as is the Indy Media Center all over the country and the world. Built on almost nothing except the goodwill and the
curiosity and the interest and the passion of people who are tired of seeing their friends and neighbors through a corporate
lens and particularly tired and afraid of the fact that that image is being projected all over the world. That is very dangerous.
Dissent is what makes this country healthy. And the media has to fight for that and we have to fight for an independent media.