Abu Ghraib - The SequelBroadcast By SBS - Australia - Dateline - 02/15/06
With the response to those Danish cartoons and the British Army beatings in Iraq, still running red-hot in the Islamic
world, tonight, even uglier images from Iraq's Abu Ghraib prison.
Back in 2004 when the first shocking pictures were originally
leaked, the world recoiled in horror, but since then the Bush Administration has fought tooth and nail to prevent the American
public from seeing any new images of the treatment of Iraqi detainees, but tonight Dateline reporter Olivia Rousset reveals
new photos and videos. Despite the currently overheated international climate, we are showing them because they show the extent
of the horror that occurred at Abu Ghraib. A serious warning though - some of the images you're about to see are pretty confronting
and may offend some of you.
RealPlayer stream video (14:02 minutes)
REPORTER: Olivia Rousset
These are the photos the American Government doesn't want you to see. While
researching a story on guards at Abu Ghraib, I obtained a copy of the unreleased photographs and videos. Taken at the same
time as the photos released in 2004 and often of the same abuses, this is the first time they have been shown to the public.
AMRIT SINGH, LAWYER, AMERICAN CIVIL LIBERTIES UNION: We hope that the release of these photographs will bring about
further pressure to hold high-ranking officials accountable for what we now know to have been systemic and widespread abuse
occurring throughout Iraq, Afghanistan and Guantanamo Bay.
American Civil Liberties Union lawyer Amrit Singh has not
seen the photos. The ACLU has taken the Department of Defense to court to force the release of these pictures under the Freedom
of Information Act.
AMRIT SINGH: The government has taken the position that the conduct of US soldiers depicted in
these photographs is so egregious that the American public cannot have a right to it.
So it is a bizarre position, from
our point of view, obviously, because the Freedom of Information Act, under which we are seeking these photographs, is precisely
the legislation that was enacted so that the public could find out what its government is up to.
Last September the
ACLU won its case but the government immediately appealed, stalling the release of the photos. The government's main argument
against their release was that they would stir up anti-American sentiment. Judge Alvin Hellerstein directly responded to this
in his decision.
JUDGE ALVIN HELLERSTEIN, STATEMENT: Our nation does not surrender to blackmail, and fear of blackmail
is not a legally sufficient argument to prevent us from performing a statutory command. Indeed, the freedoms that we champion
are as important to our success in Iraq and Afghanistan as the guns and missiles with which our troops are armed.
a stinging rebuke to the Pentagon over America's freedom of information, Judge Hellerstein even quoted President Bush's State
of the Union speech back at them.
PRESIDENT GEORGE BUSH, STATE OF THE UNION SPEECH: The attack on freedom in our world
has reaffirmed our confidence in freedom's power to change the world. We are all part of a great venture to extend the promise
of freedom in our country, to renew the values that sustain our liberty and to spread the peace that freedom brings.
has now emerged is that well before the first pictures were leaked and even before the abuses were photographed, the ACLU
had already filed an earlier freedom-of-information request concerning the treatment of detainees at Abu Ghraib.
SINGH: And the government ignored that Freedom of Information Act request. At the time we filed our Freedom of Information
Act request policies authorising the abuse of detainees had already been put in place, and detainees at Abu Ghraib were being
tortured as we were asking for those documents. So it only goes to confirm that not only was what happened at Abu Ghraib horrific
for the detainees, horrific for this nation, horrific for the American public to have on its conscience, the government engaged
in a massive cover-up of what happened. And that is utterly astounding given that this country is, after all, in the eyes
of some, a country which believes in the rule of law.
These are the photos that have already been seen. They were
taken within weeks of the ACLU's freedom-of-information request. Images such as the man in the hood with wires attached to
his fingers, and Lynndie England with a detainee on a leash were seared into the memory of the public, creating a PR nightmare
for the administration's Iraq policy.
When this original batch of photographs was leaked to the press, members of Congress
were given a private viewing of the entire set, including the unreleased ones.
SENATOR RICHARD DURBIN: The military
dogs and the victim lying on the floor near a pool of blood, with a clear wound on his leg, it is so graphic.
NEWS REPORTER: Several described a gruesome photo of a partially decapitated body, though no-one knew if the photo was taken
at the prison or elsewhere in Iraq.
RICHARD SHELBY, REPUBLICAN SENATOR: I saw a horrible picture, it looked like somebody's
face had been blown away or beaten away.
Despite some American journalists having seen and referred to these new photographs,
none have so far been published.
Many of the new photos show Lynndie England and Charles Graner having sex, but more disturbingly
the new photos and video apparently reveal more torture, sexual humiliation and killings seemingly perpetrated by soldiers
at Abu Ghraib.
This video shows naked men apparently forced to masturbate in front of the soldiers and their camera.
on the American Army's own inquiry we can reveal the following details of the new photographs and videos. This man, listed
as 'detainee 10', is thought to be an Iraqi general who was resisting relocation from the outside camp to the cell blocks,
known as the hard site, at Abu Ghraib. The report states that he was pushed against a wall at which point guards noticed blood
coming from underneath his hood. The 1.5-inch cut on his chin was sutured by a medic. While an army report lists a description
of this photo as, "detainee apparently shot by MP personnel with shotgun using less than lethal rounds", the circumstances
surrounding the incident are unknown.
An American soldier told me that this man was first held in the camp outside the
hard site at Abu Ghraib, and that after causing problems with the other detainees, he was brought into the cells where the
high value prisoners were kept. Known to the soldiers as 'shit boy', due to an alleged habit of covering himself in his own
faeces, he was left without psychiatric care. He apparently became a plaything of the guards who experimented with ways to
restrain him. He's filmed here from several different angles handcuffed to a cell, slamming his head into the metal door.
The soldiers chose to film him several times from different angles rather than try to prevent his self-harm.
soldier who worked as a guard at Abu Ghraib told me these two women were arrested for working as prostitutes and were held
in Abu Ghraib for 48 hours.
AMRIT SINGH: The government documents we have show that the overwhelming majority of detainees
held in Abu Ghraib were in all likelihood innocent. So for people who think that, you know, that these detainees got what
they deserved and this was just a lawful exercise of executive authority to get information - first of all, these detainees
were in all likelihood innocent and secondly, we have documents from the FBI at Guantanamo saying that coercive interrogation
techniques are not good at producing actionable intelligence. If anything rapport-building techniques are much better at producing
actionable intelligence that can be used to sort of wage the so-called war on terror.
From these original photos we
know that this man is Munadel al-Jumaili. These are new photos of his corpse. I was told these two photos were taken in the
room, where he was killed whilst under CIA interrogation.
The reason for the deaths of these men is also largely unclear,
however, the number next to the corpse of this detainee corresponds to an entry in another army report. He is listed as one
of three men killed during a riot in the camp at Abu Ghraib. The riot began when the detainees were protesting their living
conditions, which, according, to army reports, were filthy, crowded and dangerous.
Two soldiers from Abu Ghraib have told
me that during the riot when the guards ran out of rubber bullets they were ordered to use lethal rounds. The detainees were
fenced in a camp compound with nowhere to run or hide.
REPORTER: Any regrets?
SOLDIER: No, ma'am.
Accountability for the abuses has been sheeted home to seven low ranking guards. These 'bad apples',
as Secretary of Defense Rumsfeld called them, are serving various sentences - the longest being 10 years for the ringleader,
Charles Graner, and three years for his then lover, Lynndie England.
There have been 10 government investigations into
the abuse and torture of detainees in Iraq, Afghanistan and Guantanamo Bay, but no high ranking officials have been held accountable.
REPORTER: What do you think of what happened to those seven soldiers who were charged when the scandal first emerged?
AMRIT SINGH: Well, I think looking at the documents that we have received under the Freedom of Information Act so
far, it is very clear to us that the actions of these soldiers were part of a larger program to abuse detainees that was put
in place by high ranking officials.
We have consistently called out for an independent commission to evaluate the responsibility
of high ranking officials but nothing has been done so far. If anything, these high ranking officials who put in place policies
that resulted in the abuse of detainees have been exonerated and promoted.
Americans pride themselves on free speech
and open government. This is why Amrit Singh and the ACLU feel these photos should be released.
AMRIT SINGH: The photographs
really have to be released so that the public has some idea of what exactly happened at Abu Ghraib. And it has been our position
consistently through this litigation that the subject of detainee abuse has been a matter of intense public debate and the
appropriate high ranking officials who put the policies in place that resulted in the abuse of detainees have not been held
accountable. And it is now for the public to decide for itself, by looking at these documents, what needs to be done.